1. Occupied dwellings by kind of roof materials and geographical domain
Percent
Roof materials 2004 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013
Cambodia Phnom Penh Other urban Other rural Cambodia Phnom Penh Other urban Other rural Cambodia Phnom Penh Other urban Other rural Cambodia Phnom Penh Other urban Other rural Cambodia Phnom Penh Other urban Other rural Cambodia Phnom Penh Other urban Other rural Cambodia Phnom Penh Other urban Other rural Cambodia Phnom Penh Other urban Other rural
Hard/permanent materials 71.3 98.6 84.6 66.6 79.3 98.5 90.4 75.7 81.7 99.3 88.4 78.9 83.8 99.0 95.1 80.8 86.0 99.7 96.4 83.1 88.5 99.8 96.8 86.0 90.6 99.4 97.9 88.2 93.5 99.8 98.4 91.9
†††† Tiles 26.7 8.7 19.8 29.5 28.5 9.4 19.9 31.7 27.2 7.7 12.5 31.2 26.9 10.7 18.4 29.7 26.4 11.2 17.7 29.3 26.0 14.1 20.1 28.3 26.0 16.0 17.9 28.8 26.0 11.7 20.8 28.8
†††† Fibrous cement 5.0 11.5 6.7 4.1 5.4 9.2 9.4 4.4 5.7 7.5 9.6 5.1 7.7 6.5 10.4 7.5 7.4 6.5 8.1 7.5 9.0 8.1 7.7 9.3 8.7 8.5 8.1 8.8 9.3 8.4 10.3 9.4
†††† Galvanized iron or aluminum 34.5 41.6 52.2 31.4 41.3 39.6 60.4 39.2 43.8 38.1 63.8 42.0 44.9 46.1 61.5 42.8 48.2 47.0 67.6 45.9 49.1 44.4 64.6 47.8 51.8 49.5 65.0 49.9 53.7 47.5 62.1 53.5
†††† Mixed but predominantly made of galvanized 0.9 0.4 2.1 0.8 0.0 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.2 0.4 0.7 0.2 0.5 0.4 1.2 0.5 0.1 0.4 0.2 0.0 0.2 - 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.5 0.3 0.2 0.1 - 0.4 0.1
†††† Concrete 4.2 36.4 3.8 0.8 4.1 41.2 0.8 0.3 4.7 45.6 1.7 0.5 3.8 35.3 3.6 0.3 3.9 34.7 2.9 0.4 4.2 33.2 4.2 0.4 3.9 24.9 6.6 0.6 4.3 32.2 4.9 0.2
Soft/temporary materials 28.8 1.3 15.2 33.5 20.7 0.6 9.4 24.3 18.3 0.7 11.6 21.1 16.2 0.9 4.8 19.2 14.0 0.3 3.6 16.9 11.5 0.2 3.2 14.0 9.3 0.6 2.1 11.8 6.5 0.2 1.6 8.1
†††† Thatch 21.4 0.6 13.1 24.8 20.4 0.1 9.4 24.1 18.0 0.1 10.5 20.8 15.8 0.6 4.3 18.8 13.7 - 3.1 16.7 11.1 - 2.5 13.6 9.0 0.2 2.0 11.4 6.1 - 1.4 7.7
†††† Salvaged materials 0.2 - 0.3 0.2 0.1 0.5 - 0.1 0.2 0.6 0.5 0.1 0.2 0.2 0.1 0.2 0.1 0.1 0.2 0.1 0.2 0.2 0.4 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.2 0.1 0.3 0.1 0.2 0.3
†††† Mixed but predominantly made of thatch 0.6 0.1 0.3 0.6 0.1 - - 0.0 0.1 - 0.3 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.3 0.1 0.1 - - 0.1 0.1 - 0.1 0.2 0.2 - - 0.2 - - - -
†††† Plastic sheet 0.1 0.1 - 0.1 - - - - 0.0 0.0 0.2 0.0 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.3 0.1 0.1 - - 0.1 0.1 0.3 - 0.1 0.0 0.1 - 0.0
†††† Other 6.5 0.5 1.5 7.8 0.1 - - 0.1 - - - - 0.0 - - 0.1 - - - - 0.0 - 0.2 - - - - - 0.0 - - 0.0
Total 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100
Number of households 2,570,000 225,000 271,000 2,074,000 2,799,000 255,000 274,000 2,270,000 2,828,000 255,000 277,000 2,296,000 2,939,000 261,000 285,000 2,392,000 2,917,000 276,000 298,000 2,344,000 3,044,000 321,000 303,000 2,419,000 3,082,000 329,000 398,000 2,355,000 3,162,000 363,000 331,000 2,468,000
2. Occupied dwellings by kind of wall materials and geographical domain
Percent.
Wall materials 2004 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013
Cambodia Phnom Penh Other urban Other rural Cambodia Phnom Penh Other urban Other rural Cambodia Phnom Penh Other urban Other rural Cambodia Phnom Penh Other urban Other rural Cambodia Phnom Penh Other urban Other rural Cambodia Phnom Penh Other urban Other rural Cambodia Phnom Penh Other urban Other rural Cambodia Phnom Penh Other urban Other rural
Hard/permanent materials 55.6 98.2 75.6 48.4 62.5 98.6 80.0 56.4 62.7 98.7 73.7 57.4 65.7 98.4 84.8 59.7 68.3 98.5 87.0 62.4 70.6 98.5 89.2 64.6 73.4 97.9 88.9 67.4 77.7 99.7 93.0 72.5
†††† Wood or logs 26.7 9.2 36.2 27.4 45.1 21.2 56.7 46.4 45.0 21.8 43.0 47.8 47.9 25.0 50.8 50.0 47.9 21.0 46.7 51.2 48.1 21.6 50.1 51.4 48.9 29.0 44.8 52.4 49.2 19.7 46.9 53.8
†††† Plywood 17.0 18.0 20.7 16.4 0.8 0.8 1.3 0.8 0.7 0.6 0.6 0.7 0.6 0.4 1.2 0.5 0.4 0.1 1.2 0.3 0.7 0.8 0.6 0.6 0.5 0.9 0.6 0.5 0.2 0.7 0.2 0.2
†††† Concrete, brick, stone 9.8 69.0 14.4 2.6 12.0 74.7 16.0 4.5 13.2 74.9 22.7 5.2 12.1 69.2 26.2 4.2 13.7 74.5 26.2 4.9 14.5 71.4 26.2 5.4 15.2 63.4 32.4 5.6 17.6 75.8 34.7 6.7
†††† Galvanized iron or aluminum or other metal sheets 2.1 1.8 4.0 1.9 4.3 1.9 5.2 4.4 3.8 1.2 7.1 3.7 5.0 3.8 6.2 4.9 6.2 2.6 12.1 5.9 7.2 4.6 11.6 7.0 8.5 4.6 11.1 8.6 10.6 3.5 11.0 11.6
†††† Fibrous cement / Asbestos 0.1 0.2 0.3 0.1 0.3 - 0.8 0.3 0.0 0.1 0.3 - 0.1 - 0.4 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.8 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.7 0.1 0.2 - - 0.2 0.1 - 0.2 0.1
Soft/temporary materials 44.4 1.8 24.4 51.6 37.5 1.3 19.9 43.8 37.3 1.3 26.3 42.6 34.3 1.5 15.1 40.1 31.7 1.5 13.0 37.6 29.4 1.5 10.8 35.4 26.6 2.1 11.1 32.6 22.3 0.3 7.0 27.5
†††† Bamboo, Thatch/leaves, grass 27.3 0.9 16.0 31.7 36.2 0.8 18.9 42.3 35.4 1.0 24.9 40.5 33.0 1.2 13.4 38.8 30.1 1.1 9.8 36.1 28.0 1.0 9.0 33.9 25.5 1.7 10.2 31.4 21.2 0.2 6.7 26.3
†††† Makeshift, mixed materials 1.4 0.7 1.4 1.4 0.4 0.2 0.3 0.4 1.0 - 0.5 1.2 0.7 0.1 1.2 0.7 1.2 0.1 1.9 1.3 1.2 0.0 1.2 1.3 0.7 - 1.0 0.7 0.5 - 0.2 0.7
†††† Clay/dung with straw na na na na 0.6 0.3 - 0.8 0.7 0.3 0.0 0.9 0.3 0.2 0.1 0.3 0.1 0.3 0.2 0.1 0.1 0.3 - 0.1 0.2 0.3 - 0.2 0.3 0.1 - 0.4
†††† Other 15.7 0.2 7.0 18.5 0.3 0.0 0.7 0.3 0.1 - 0.9 0.1 0.3 - 0.4 0.3 0.2 0.1 1.2 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.5 - 0.2 - - 0.3 0.2 - 0.1 0.2
Total 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100
Number of households 2,570,000 225,000 271,000 2,074,000 2,799,000 255,000 274,000 2,270,000 2,828,000 255,000 277,000 2,296,000 2,939,000 261,000 285,000 2,392,000 2,917,000 276,000 298,000 2,344,000 3,044,000 321,000 303,000 2,419,000 3,082,000 329,000 398,000 2,355,000 3,162,000 363,000 331,000 2,468,000
3. Occupied dwellings by kind of floor materials and geographical domain
Percent.
Floor materials 2004 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013
Cambodia Phnom Penh Other urban Other rural Cambodia Phnom Penh Other urban Other rural Cambodia Phnom Penh Other urban Other rural Cambodia Phnom Penh Other urban Other rural Cambodia Phnom Penh Other urban Other rural Cambodia Phnom Penh Other urban Other rural Cambodia Phnom Penh Other urban Other rural Cambodia Phnom Penh Other urban Other rural
Hard/permanent materials 19.9 86.3 31.4 11.1 17.6 83.7 25.0 9.2 16.3 81.8 31.2 7.3 16.8 78.7 36.5 7.5 18.9 81.1 38.3 9.1 19.1 77.5 37.5 9.0 19.8 75.2 43.3 8.1 22.1 82.2 45.6 10.2
†††† Cement 4.5 13.2 8.0 3.0 6.0 8.6 7.0 5.6 4.7 7.4 8.8 4.0 7.2 18.1 17.1 4.8 8.9 17.5 22.5 6.2 8.5 14.9 19.1 6.3 8.9 24.0 17.0 5.4 8.6 12.3 18.4 6.7
†††† Parquet, polishedwood 8.2 15.7 11.4 7.0 2.4 4.1 3.6 2.0 1.7 4.6 5.8 0.9 1.3 2.1 2.1 1.1 1.1 1.9 0.9 1.0 0.7 1.5 2.6 0.4 0.2 - 0.4 0.3 0.5 0.2 3.0 0.2
†††† Polished stone, marble 0.1 0.3 0.3 0.0 0.1 1.0 0.3 - 0.1 0.2 - 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.3 0.0 0.0 - 0.2 0.0 0.2 - 1.0 0.1 0.0 - 0.1 0.0 0.0 - 0.3 -
†††† Vinyl 0.0 0.2 0.2 - 0.0 0.0 - - - - - - - 0.1 - 0.0 0.0 0.3 - - 0.0 - - 0.0 - - - - - - - -
†††† Ceramic tiles 7.1 56.9 11.5 1.1 9.1 70.0 14.1 1.6 9.8 69.7 16.5 2.4 8.2 58.3 17.0 1.6 8.8 61.3 14.8 1.9 9.7 61.1 14.7 2.3 10.6 51.2 25.9 2.4 13.1 69.7 23.9 3.3
Soft/temporary materials 80.1 13.7 68.5 88.7 82.4 16.1 75.0 90.8 83.7 18.2 68.8 92.7 83.3 21.4 63.6 92.3 81.1 18.9 61.7 90.9 80.9 22.5 62.5 91.0 80.2 24.8 56.7 91.9 77.9 17.8 54.4 89.8
†††† Earth, clay 7.3 2.6 6.9 7.8 7.0 0.9 5.0 8.0 6.0 1.4 5.2 6.6 7.8 2.2 9.6 8.2 7.1 2.5 10.5 7.2 6.5 2.1 10.0 6.6 6.0 1.4 9.1 6.1 5.3 0.3 4.3 6.2
†††† Wooden planks 71.4 8.4 60.2 79.7 46.6 15.0 55.2 49.1 48.3 16.3 57.0 50.8 50.2 18.3 45.7 54.2 47.7 15.8 41.4 52.2 48.9 19.4 43.9 53.5 49.6 22.3 38.9 55.2 51.4 16.2 43.0 57.8
†††† Bamboo strips na na na na 28.6 0.2 14.3 33.5 29.2 0.5 6.6 35.1 25.2 0.7 8.2 29.8 26.2 0.6 9.7 31.3 25.4 0.8 8.6 30.7 24.5 1.1 8.5 30.5 21.1 1.3 7.2 25.9
†††† Other 1.4 2.7 1.4 1.2 0.2 - 0.5 0.2 0.2 - - 0.3 0.1 0.2 0.1 0.1 0.1 - - 0.1 0.1 0.1 - 0.1 0.0 - 0.1 0.0 0.0 - - 0.0
Total 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100
Number of households 2,570,000 225,000 271,000 2,074,000 2,799,000 255,000 274,000 2,270,000 2,828,000 255,000 277,000 2,296,000 2,939,000 261,000 285,000 2,392,000 2,917,000 276,000 298,000 2,344,000 3,044,000 321,000 303,000 2,419,000 3,082,000 329,000 398,000 2,355,000 3,162,000 363,000 331,000 2,468,000
4. Occupied dwellings by legal status and geographical domain
Percent.
Legal status 2004 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013
Cambodia Phnom Penh Other urban Other rural Cambodia Phnom Penh Other urban Other rural Cambodia Phnom Penh Other urban Other rural Cambodia Phnom Penh Other urban Other rural Cambodia Phnom Penh Other urban Other rural Cambodia Phnom Penh Other urban Other rural Cambodia Phnom Penh Other urban Other rural Cambodia Phnom Penh Other urban Other rural
†††† Owned by the household 94.7 85.7 96.1 94.7 93.1 83.8 89.8 94.5 94.5 82.0 90.4 96.3 94.2 80.5 85.8 96.7 93.8 79.2 82.5 97.0 93.0 79.9 81.7 96.1 93.1 86.0 86.3 95.2 93.8 85.3 87.7 95.9
†††† Not owned but no rent is paid 3.6 5.0 3.3 3.6 4.8 4.2 6.2 4.7 2.9 3.4 4.2 2.7 3.2 4.1 5.2 2.9 3.5 6.0 7.7 2.7 3.9 6.8 5.3 3.4 3.9 2.2 5.4 3.9 3.3 1.8 4.8 3.3
†††† Rented 1.4 9.2 0.3 1.4 2.0 12.0 3.9 0.7 2.6 14.6 5.4 0.9 2.5 15.3 8.9 0.3 2.6 14.8 9.8 0.3 3.0 13.0 12.9 0.5 2.7 11.8 8.3 0.5 2.9 12.9 7.5 0.8
†††† Other 0.2 0.1 0.2 0.2 0.1 - - 0.1 - - - - 0.0 0.1 - 0.0 - - - - 0.0 - - 0.0 0.0 - 0.1 0.0 - - - -
†††† Total 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100
†††† Number of households 2,570,000 225,000 271,000 2,074,000 2,799,000 255,000 274,000 2,270,000 2,828,000 255,000 277,000 2,296,000 2,939,000 261,000 285,000 2,392,000 2,917,000 276,000 298,000 2,344,000 3,044,000 321,000 303,000 2,419,000 3,082,000 329,000 398,000 2,355,000 3,162,000 363,000 331,000 2,468,000
5. Floor area by geographical domain
Percent, Average square meters per household
Floor area 2004 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013
Cambodia Phnom Penh Other urban Other rural Cambodia Phnom Penh Other urban Other rural Cambodia Phnom Penh Other urban Other rural Cambodia Phnom Penh Other urban Other rural Cambodia Phnom Penh Other urban Other rural Cambodia Phnom Penh Other urban Other rural Cambodia Phnom Penh Other urban Other rural Cambodia Phnom Penh Other urban Other rural
00-19 12.4 7.3 10.0 13.2 7.8 5.4 7.6 8.1 9.5 5.3 9.5 9.9 8.5 7.1 7.8 8.8 8.8 10.0 9.3 8.6 7.6 8.2 7.9 7.5 7.9 6.1 5.3 8.6 5.2 4.1 5.6 5.3
20-39 43.4 24.6 38.4 46.1 44.0 20.9 37.0 47.4 42.0 19.4 37.8 45.1 42.0 21.9 35.5 44.9 41.6 22.4 32.1 45.0 42.6 24.3 39.4 45.4 39.5 25.0 38.8 41.6 41.9 30.2 31.5 45.0
40-59 25.3 24.1 22.2 25.8 28.8 23.4 29.5 29.3 30.3 26.3 28.0 31.0 30.4 26.7 24.5 31.5 29.4 20.5 26.4 30.9 31.8 28.0 28.1 32.8 32.1 30.5 25.6 33.5 33.0 29.8 27.2 34.3
60-79 9.9 14.8 12.0 9.1 10.3 18.3 11.0 9.3 9.7 17.1 9.2 8.9 11.3 19.0 16.4 9.8 11.6 22.5 13.2 10.1 10.2 22.2 10.8 8.6 12.3 22.3 12.0 11.0 12.6 24.3 17.3 10.3
80-99 4.9 11.4 9.3 3.7 5.0 12.2 5.6 4.1 3.9 9.4 6.1 3.0 4.5 12.2 7.6 3.3 4.6 7.9 12.0 3.2 4.2 7.5 4.7 3.7 4.9 8.4 8.6 3.8 4.3 5.5 8.3 3.6
100+ 4.1 17.9 8.1 2.1 4.1 19.9 9.3 1.8 4.7 22.4 9.4 2.1 3.3 13.0 8.3 1.6 4.0 16.7 7.0 2.2 3.6 9.9 9.2 2.1 3.3 7.8 9.7 1.6 3.0 6.1 10.1 1.5
Total 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100
Average square meters per household 42.8 ††††††††††††† 70.1 ††††††††††††† 51.0 ††††††††††††† 38.8 ††††††††††††† 44.9 ††††††††††††† 77.3 ††††††††††††† 51.6 ††††††††††††† 40.5 ††††††††††††† 44.7 ††††††††††††† 80.2 ††††††††††††† 53.2 ††††††††††††† 39.7 ††††††††††††† 41.3 ††††††††††††† 61.8 ††††††††††††† 53.9 ††††††††††††† 39.8 ††††††††††††† 45.0 ††††††††††††† 64.4 ††††††††††††† 55.4 ††††††††††††† 41.4 ††††††††††††† 43.5 ††††††††††††† 58.8 ††††††††††††† 49.9 ††††††††††††† 40.7 ††††††††††††† 44.2 ††††††††††††† 55.2 ††††††††††††† 53.0 ††††††††††††† 41.1 ††††††††††††† 44.4 ††††††††††††† 52.7 ††††††††††††† 55.8 ††††††††††††† 41.6
6. Average floor area by geographical domain
average square meters per person.
  2004 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013
Cambodia Phnom Penh Other urban Other rural Cambodia Phnom Penh Other urban Other rural Cambodia Phnom Penh Other urban Other rural Cambodia Phnom Penh Other urban Other rural Cambodia Phnom Penh Other urban Other rural Cambodia Phnom Penh Other urban Other rural Cambodia Phnom Penh Other urban Other rural Cambodia Phnom Penh Other urban Other rural
Average square meters per person ††††††††††††††† 8.7 ††††††††††††† 13.1 ††††††††††††††† 9.9 ††††††††††††††† 8.0 ††††††††††††††† 9.5 ††††††††††††† 15.0 ††††††††††††† 10.4 ††††††††††††††† 8.7 ††††††††††††††† 9.4 ††††††††††††† 15.5 ††††††††††††† 10.7 ††††††††††††††† 8.5 ††††††††††††††† 9.1 ††††††††††††† 11.7 ††††††††††††† 10.7 ††††††††††††††† 8.5 ††††††††††††††† 9.4 ††††††††††††† 13.0 ††††††††††††† 11.5 ††††††††††††††† 8.7 ††††††††††††††† 9.4 ††††††††††††† 12.4 ††††††††††††† 10.4 ††††††††††††††† 8.8 ††††††††††††††† 9.5 ††††††††††††† 12.1 ††††††††††††† 11.8 ††††††††††††††† 8.8 ††††††††††††††† 9.6 ††††††††††††† 11.0 ††††††††††††† 11.6 ††††††††††††††† 9.0
7. Number of rooms by geographical domain
Percent and average.
Number of rooms 2004 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013
Cambodia Phnom Penh Other urban Other rural Cambodia Phnom Penh Other urban Other rural Cambodia Phnom Penh Other urban Other rural Cambodia Phnom Penh Other urban Other rural Cambodia Phnom Penh Other urban Other rural Cambodia Phnom Penh Other urban Other rural Cambodia Phnom Penh Other urban Other rural Cambodia Phnom Penh Other urban Other rural
One room 74.3 41.5 57.8 80.0 73.0 36.6 68.3 77.7 72.6 36.4 60.7 78.1 70.1 38.5 54.6 75.4 71.4 36.8 57.2 77.3 71.7 33.0 61.4 78.1 69.6 43.7 56.2 75.5 69.2 44.9 55.5 74.7
Two rooms 19.2 32.9 27.2 16.6 19.7 33.1 21.1 18.0 19.4 33.3 22.9 17.4 22.3 35.1 27.5 20.3 20.8 30.3 25.0 19.1 20.7 35.3 26.1 18.1 22.4 35.1 24.7 20.3 23.1 39.1 28.0 20.1
Three rooms 4.4 13.7 9.8 2.7 4.8 15.4 7.9 3.3 5.3 17.4 8.7 3.5 5.0 14.0 11.4 3.2 5.1 20.2 9.7 2.7 5.1 18.6 7.5 3.0 5.1 12.4 11.8 3.0 5.6 9.6 10.0 4.5
Four rooms 1.4 7.3 3.5 0.5 1.2 5.8 2.2 0.6 1.7 6.1 5.7 0.7 1.6 8.0 3.5 0.7 1.7 8.1 4.6 0.6 1.7 8.0 3.3 0.6 1.8 5.0 4.7 0.9 1.3 4.0 5.0 0.5
Five or more rooms 0.7 4.6 1.7 0.1 1.2 9.2 0.5 0.4 0.9 6.7 2.1 0.2 1.0 4.3 3.0 0.3 1.0 4.6 3.5 0.3 0.9 5.1 1.7 0.2 1.0 3.8 2.7 0.3 0.6 2.4 1.5 0.2
Total 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100
Average number of rooms per average household size ††††††††††††††† 1.4 ††††††††††††††† 2.0 ††††††††††††††† 1.7 ††††††††††††††† 1.2 ††††††††††††††† 1.4 ††††††††††††††† 2.3 ††††††††††††††† 1.5 ††††††††††††††† 1.3 ††††††††††††††† 1.4 ††††††††††††††† 2.2 ††††††††††††††† 1.7 ††††††††††††††† 1.3 ††††††††††††††† 1.4 ††††††††††††††† 2.1 ††††††††††††††† 1.8 ††††††††††††††† 1.3 ††††††††††††††† 1.4 ††††††††††††††† 2.2 ††††††††††††††† 1.8 ††††††††††††††† 1.3 ††††††††††††††† 1.4 ††††††††††††††† 2.2 ††††††††††††††† 1.6 ††††††††††††††† 1.3 ††††††††††††††† 1.4 ††††††††††††††† 1.9 ††††††††††††††† 1.7 ††††††††††††††† 1.3 ††††††††††††††† 1.4 ††††††††††††††† 1.8 ††††††††††††††† 1.7 ††††††††††††††† 1.3
8. Number of persons per room by geographical domain
Persons per room 2004 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013
Cambodia Phnom Penh Other urban Other rural Cambodia Phnom Penh Other urban Other rural Cambodia Phnom Penh Other urban Other rural Cambodia Phnom Penh Other urban Other rural Cambodia Phnom Penh Other urban Other rural Cambodia Phnom Penh Other urban Other rural Cambodia Phnom Penh Other urban Other rural Cambodia Phnom Penh Other urban Other rural
Number of persons per room ††††††††††††††† 3.6 ††††††††††††††† 2.6 ††††††††††††††† 3.1 ††††††††††††††† 3.9 ††††††††††††††† 3.4 ††††††††††††††† 2.3 ††††††††††††††† 3.4 ††††††††††††††† 3.6 ††††††††††††††† 3.3 ††††††††††††††† 2.2 ††††††††††††††† 3.0 ††††††††††††††† 3.6 ††††††††††††††† 3.3 ††††††††††††††† 2.5 ††††††††††††††† 2.7 ††††††††††††††† 3.6 ††††††††††††††† 3.4 ††††††††††††††† 2.3 ††††††††††††††† 2.7 ††††††††††††††† 3.7 ††††††††††††††† 3.3 ††††††††††††††† 2.2 ††††††††††††††† 3.0 ††††††††††††††† 3.6 ††††††††††††††† 3.2 ††††††††††††††† 2.4 ††††††††††††††† 2.6 ††††††††††††††† 3.6 ††††††††††††††† 3.3 ††††††††††††††† 2.6 ††††††††††††††† 2.8 ††††††††††††††† 3.5
9. Main sources of drinking water by season and geographical domain
Percent.
Water sources 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013
Cambodia Phnom Penh Other urban Other rural Cambodia Phnom Penh Other urban Other rural Cambodia Phnom Penh Other urban Other rural Cambodia Phnom Penh Other urban Other rural Cambodia Phnom Penh Other urban Other rural
Wet season                                        
Improved 45.2 93.4 60.3 38.1 44.7 95.1 63.5 36.3 46.4 95.2 62.7 37.8 46.8 88.2 69.5 37.2 49.7 89.7 67.1 41.5
†††† Piped in dwelling or on premises 14.4 89.8 34.7 3.8 13.9 89.3 29.7 3.0 15.9 90.0 32.7 4.0 19.7 86.6 47.5 5.7 22.2 88.8 47.90 8.9
†††† Public tap 0.5 - - 0.6 0.1 - 0.2 0.0 0.0 0.2 0.2 - 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 - - - -
†††† Tube/piped well or borehole 23.4 1.0 19.6 26.3 23.9 1.9 25.3 26.3 23.6 1.0 24.7 26.4 21.5 0.1 18.5 25.0 23.0 0.9 15.1 27.3
†††† Protected dug well 6.4 2.6 5.8 6.9 6.4 3.9 6.8 6.7 6.5 3.9 4.9 7.0 5.1 1.2 3.2 6.0 4.3 - 3.7 5.0
†††† Improved rainwater collection 0.5 - 0.2 0.6 0.4 - 1.6 0.3 0.4 - 0.1 0.4 0.4 0.3 0.3 0.5 0.2 - 0.4 0.2
Unimproved 54.8 6.6 39.7 61.9 55.3 4.9 36.5 63.7 53.6 4.8 37.3 62.1 53.0 11.7 30.4 62.5 50.3 10.2 32.9 58.5
†††† Unprotected dug well 14.2 - 5.7 16.8 12.4 - 5.7 14.7 10.9 - 8.8 12.7 12.1 2.7 2.6 15.3 10.3 - 3.4 12.8
†††† Pond, river or stream 12.3 1.7 8.6 13.9 8.5 1.7 3.0 10.0 8.4 1.3 2.7 10.1 11.4 4.9 3.8 13.9 11.2 2.1 5.6 13.3
†††† Unimproved rainwater collection 25.3 3.7 18.4 28.5 29.8 0.2 15.6 35.1 31.0 2.5 15.3 36.7 25.8 3.5 13.7 30.8 25.9 6.1 18.8 29.7
†††† Vendor-provided water/Tanker truck provision of water 2.5 1.1 5.6 2.3 4.0 3.0 5.9 3.8 2.8 1.0 6.3 2.6 3.1 0.6 6.8 2.4 1.9 0.8 3.0 1.9
†††† Bottled water 0.2 0.1 1.2 0.1 0.6 - 6.3 - 0.5 - 4.2 0.1 0.6 0.0 3.5 0.1 0.6 1.2 2.0 0.4
†††† Other 0.3 - 0.1 0.3 - - - - - - - - 0.2 0.0 0.0 0.2 0.3 - - 0.4
Total 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 99.9 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100
Number of households 2,939,000 261,000 285,000 2,392,000 2,917,000 276,000 298,000 2,344,000 3,044,000 321,000 303,000 2,419,000 3,082,000 329,000 398,000 2,355,000 3,162,000 363,000 331,000 2,468,000
Dry season                                         
Improved 52.2 93.7 66.6 45.9 51.8 94.7 67.7 44.7 54.6 97.1 67.7 47.3 54.7 88.4 73.4 46.6 58.7 91.3 74.3 51.8
†††† Piped in dwelling or on premises 15.6 90.2 37.7 4.8 14.5 88.9 31.4 3.5 16.5 89.9 35.1 4.4 20.2 86.8 47.9 6.2 22.9 89.0 49.7 9.6
†††† Public tap 0.5 - 0.2 0.6 0.1 - 0.2 0.2 0.1 0.2 0.5 0.0 0.2 0.1 0.1 0.2 0.1 - - 0.1
†††† Tube/piped well or borehole 28.5 1.0 22.4 32.3 28.6 1.9 27.6 31.8 29.4 2.2 27.1 33.3 28.2 0.3 21.7 33.2 30.3 2.3 19.8 35.9
†††† Protected dug well 7.4 2.4 6.2 8.1 8.4 3.9 7.2 9.1 8.5 4.8 4.9 9.4 5.8 1.2 3.7 6.8 5.4 - 4.7 6.3
†††† Improved rainwater collection 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.2 - 1.3 0.1 0.1 - - 0.1 0.2 0.0 0.0 0.2 0.0 - 0.1 0.0
Unimproved 47.8 6.3 33.4 54.1 48.2 5.3 32.3 55.3 45.4 2.9 32.3 52.7 45.2 11.6 26.6 53.3 41.3 8.7 25.7 48.2
†††† Unprotected dug well 16.3 - 6.2 19.3 17.2 - 6.5 20.6 15.8 - 9.5 18.7 15.1 1.5 3.2 19.0 14.0 - 4.6 17.3
†††† Pond, river or stream 22.6 3.6 12.9 26.2 17.3 2.0 6.8 20.4 17.6 1.7 5.7 21.2 19.6 2.7 8.2 23.9 18.9 2.1 11.7 22.3
†††† Unimproved rainwater collection 1.4 0.4 1.7 1.5 1.8 0.4 2.1 1.9 2.5 - 2.3 2.8 2.2 0.0 0.9 2.7 1.3 0.3 0.8 1.5
†††† Vendor-provided water/Tanker truck provision of water 6.5 2.2 11.3 6.4 11.2 3.0 9.8 12.3 8.7 1.2 9.0 9.6 7.5 6.9 10.3 7.1 5.9 5.2 6.0 6.0
†††† Bottled water 0.3 0.1 1.3 0.2 0.7 - 7.0 - 0.7 - 5.8 0.2 0.9 0.5 4.0 0.4 0.9 1.1 2.7 0.6
†††† Other 0.4 - 0.1 0.5 0.0 - - 0.1 0.1 - - 0.1 0.2 0.0 0.0 0.2 0.4 - - 0.5
Total 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100
Number of households 2,939,000 261,000 285,000 2,392,000 2,917,000 276,000 298,000 2,344,000 3,044,000 321,000 303,000 2,419,000 3,082,000 329,000 398,000 2,355,000 3,162,000 363,000 331,000 2,468,000
Note: In CSES 2004, 2007 and 2008 the question on source of drinking water had nine categories namely piped in dwelling or on premises, public tap, tube/piped well or borehole, protected dug well,
unprotected dug well, pond river or stream, rainwater, tanker truck vendor or bought water and other source. The question in 2009, 2010,2011, 2012 and 2013 had 13 categories with more specific details that
can be used for measuring improved and unimproved water source. So, it is not posible to compare the source of driking water between 2004, 2007, 2008 with 2009, 2010 and 2011.
10. Households treating drinking water by geographical domain
Percent.
Treatment of drinking water 2004 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013
Cambodia Phnom Penh Other urban Other rural Cambodia Phnom Penh Other urban Other rural Cambodia Phnom Penh Other urban Other rural Cambodia Phnom Penh Other urban Other rural Cambodia Phnom Penh Other urban Other rural Cambodia Phnom Penh Other urban Other rural Cambodia Phnom Penh Other urban Other rural Cambodia Phnom Penh Other urban Other rural
Always treat drinking water 52.9 93.9 65.6 46.8 61.2 91.2 71.9 56.5 59.4 94.8 70.2 54.2 59.6 89.6 75.1 54.5 64.8 91.1 73.5 60.6 67.7 94.8 77.1 63.0 70.5 90.9 80.8 65.9 73.1 90.7 77.7 69.9
Sometimes treat drinking water 14.4 2.8 12.0 16.0 11.9 6.3 7.5 13.0 13.4 3.1 6.1 15.4 15.0 8.3 10.7 16.3 12.4 4.5 10.0 13.6 11.0 2.6 8.8 12.4 9.6 6.2 7.7 10.4 10.1 4.4 9.5 11.1
Never treat drinking water 32.6 3.3 22.4 37.1 26.9 2.5 20.6 30.5 27.2 2.1 23.7 30.5 25.3 2.1 14.1 29.2 22.8 4.4 16.5 25.8 21.3 2.7 14.1 24.6 19.8 2.9 11.5 23.6 16.8 4.9 12.8 19.0
Total 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100
Number of households 2,570,000 225,000 271,000 2,074,000 2,799,000 255,000 274,000 2,270,000 2,828,000 255,000 277,000 2,296,000 2,939,000 261,000 285,000 2,392,000 2,917,000 276,000 298,000 2,344,000 3,044,000 321,000 303,000 2,419,000 3,082,000 329,000 398,000 2,355,000 3,162,000 363,000 331,000 2,468,000
11. Distance to main drinking water sources by geographical domain
Percent.
Distance in wet season 2004 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013
Cambodia Phnom Penh Other urban Other rural Cambodia Phnom Penh Other urban Other rural Cambodia Phnom Penh Other urban Other rural Cambodia Phnom Penh Other urban Other rural Cambodia Phnom Penh Other urban Other rural Cambodia Phnom Penh Other urban Other rural Cambodia Phnom Penh Other urban Other rural Cambodia Phnom Penh Other urban Other rural
Less than 0.25 km 97.0 99.9 97.6 96.7 97.4 100.0 98.7 97.0 98.4 100.0 99.8 98.0 99.9 98.9 97.9 98.2 98.3 100.0 99.7 97.9 98.9 99.1 99.6 98.8 98.5 100.0 99.4 98.1 99.0 100.0 99.9 98.7
0.25 to 0.99 km 2.7 0.1 2.2 3.0 1.8 - 1.3 2.1 1.4 - - 1.7 - 0.8 1.7 1.5 1.6 - 0.3 2.0 1.0 0.8 0.2 1.1 1.4 - 0.3 1.8 1.0 - 0.1 1.3
1.00 to 1.99 km 0.2 - 0.2 0.2 0.6 - - 0.7 0.2 - 0.2 0.3 0.1 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.1 - - 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.2 0.1 0.1 - 0.3 0.1 - - - -
2.00 to 2.99 km 0.0 - - 0.0 0.1 - - 0.2 - - - - - - 0.0 0.0 0.0 - - 0.0 0.0 - - 0.0 - - - - 0.0 - - 0.0
3 km or more 0.0 - - 0.0 - - - - - - - - - - 0.0 0.0 - - - - - - - - 0.0 - 0.0 0.0 - - - -
Total 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100
Distance in dry season                                                                
Less than 0.25 km 89.5 99.6 87.7 87.7 93.4 100.0 97.1 92.2 94.2 100.0 99.4 92.9 99.1 98.1 92.1 93.3 94.3 100.0 98.0 93.0 94.8 99.2 99.3 93.7 96.0 100.0 99.5 94.9 97.1 100.0 99.3 96.4
0.25 to 0.99 km 7.9 0.4 9.1 9.1 4.4 - 2.6 5.1 3.9 - 0.5 4.8 0.8 1.3 6.0 5.1 4.4 - 2.0 5.0 4.3 0.8 0.5 5.2 3.4 - 0.4 4.4 2.5 - 0.4 3.2
1.00 to 1.99 km 2.0 - 2.4 2.4 1.7 - 0.2 2.0 1.8 - 0.1 2.1 0.1 0.6 1.3 1.2 1.1 - 0.0 1.0 0.6 - 0.2 0.8 0.4 - 0.1 0.5 0.3 - 0.3 0.4
2.00 to 2.99 km 0.3 - 0.3 0.3 0.4 0.0 0.1 0.5 0.1 - - 0.1 - - 0.4 0.3 0.2 - 0.0 0.0 0.1 - - 0.1 0.1 - - 0.1 0.0 - - 0.0
3 km or more 0.3 - 0.4 0.4 0.0 - 0.0 0.0 0.1 - - 0.1 - - 0.1 0.1 0.1 - 0.0 0.0 0.1 - - 0.2 0.1 - - 0.1 - - - -
Total 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100
12. Toilet facilities by geographical domain
Percent.
Type of facilities 2004 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013
Cambodia Phnom Penh Other urban Other rural Cambodia Phnom Penh Other urban Other rural Cambodia Phnom Penh Other urban Other rural Cambodia Phnom Penh Other urban Other rural Cambodia Phnom Penh Other urban Other rural Cambodia Phnom Penh Other urban Other rural Cambodia Phnom Penh Other urban Other rural Cambodia Phnom Penh Other urban Other rural
Improved toilets 24.7 95.5 50.9 13.7 33.3 97.2 59.2 25.4 32.8 97.8 55.8 22.8 34.7 98.4 73.5 22.9 40.0 97.1 76.0 28.7 43.6 97.6 76.6 32.3 45.1 94.7 77.7 32.8 51.7 98.4 86.4 40.2
Pour flush/flush connected to sewerage 9.7 92.0 4.9 1.1 9.6 75.5 13.4 1.7 9.1 82.6 7.0 0.7 9.0 75.3 5.7 0.6 10.4 68.9 18.8 0.8 11.3 73.9 12.9 1.8
Pour flush/flush connected to septic tank 21.1 5.8 50.6 19.2 24.3 21.6 58.7 20.5 30.0 13.3 68.5 27.1 33.1 19.1 66.5 30.7 33.5 25.8 56.9 30.7 39.9 24.5 72.4 37.8
Pit latrine with slab 2.0 0.0 0.3 2.4 0.8 1.3 1.4 0.7 0.9 1.2 0.5 0.9 1.5 3.2 4.4 0.9 1.2 0.0 2.0 1.3 0.5 - 1.2 0.5
Unimproved toilets 75.3 4.5 49.1 86.3 66.7 2.8 40.8 74.6 67.2 2.2 44.2 77.2 65.3 1.6 26.5 77.1 58.1 2.8 23.4 69.1 55.2 2.4 22.7 66.3 54.8 5.2 22.4 67.2 48.3 1.6 13.6 59.8
Pit latrine without slab/open pit 0.9 - 0.4 1.1 1.3 - 1.2 1.5 1.0 - 0.8 1.1 1.1 0.3 0.8 1.3 0.6 0.0 0.5 0.7 0.4 - 0.3 0.5
Latrine overhanging field/water 3.8 1.9 9.0 3.3 1.6 0.1 1.0 1.8 0.2 - 0.2 0.2 0.1 0.4 - 0.1 1.8 0.2 3.0 1.8 1.6 0.1 2.3 1.8
Public toilet (pit latrine/latrine) 0.6 0.1 0.7 0.7 1.3 0.6 2.9 1.2 1.8 0.9 3.2 1.7 1.1 - 3.1 1.1 1.0 1.0 1.1 1.0 1.1 - 1.6 1.2
Open land 61.2 0.2 33.1 71.4 60.2 0.8 20.1 71.7 55.1 1.9 19.2 66.0 52.8 1.7 18.6 63.8 51.0 2.9 17.5 63.4 44.9 1.5 9.2 56.0
Other included in not improved 0.7 - 1.0 0.8 0.8 - 1.3 0.9 0.1 - - 0.1 0.0 - 0.2 0.0 0.4 1.1 0.3 0.3 0.2 - 0.2 0.3
Not stated - - - - - - - - 1.9 - 0.6 2.2 1.2 - 0.7 1.4 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.1 - - - -
Total 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100
Number of households 2,570,000 225,000 271,000 2,074,000 2,799,000 255,000 274,000 2,270,000 2,828,000 255,000 277,000 2,296,000 2,939,000 261,000 285,000 2,392,000 2,917,000 276,000 298,000 2,344,000 3,044,000 321,000 303,000 2,419,000 3,082,000 329,000 398,000 2,355,000 3,162,000 363,000 331,000 2,468,000
Note: In CSES 2004 and 2007, the question on sanitation facilities had nine categories namely the toilet connected to sewerage, septic tank, pit latrine, other without septic tank, public toilet, shared toilet, open land, none and other facility. In the question in 2008, 2009, 2010, 2011, 2012 and 2013 the household was asked which type of toilet it had within the premises defined into eight categories. If the household did not have any toilet facility in the premises it was asked which type of toilet the household usually used, specified in three categories. All categories are specified in detail and can be used to better capture the concept of improved and unimproved sanitation. So, it is not posible to compare in detail the sanitation facilities between 2004 and 2007 with 2008, 2009, 2010 and 2011.
13. Main sources of lighting by geographical domain
Percent.
Sources of lighting 2004 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013
Cambodia Phnom Penh Other urban Other rural Cambodia Phnom Penh Other urban Other rural Cambodia Phnom Penh Other urban Other rural Cambodia Phnom Penh Other urban Other rural Cambodia Phnom Penh Other urban Other rural Cambodia Phnom Penh Other urban Other rural Cambodia Phnom Penh Other urban Other rural Cambodia Phnom Penh Other urban Other rural
Publicly-provided electricity/City power 14.2 87.9 44.0 2.3 20.2 94.6 56.0 10.3 24.2 99.0 62.1 11.3 25.6 98.5 76.7 11.5 32.5 99.0 78.1 18.8 37.4 97.9 80.9 24.0 42.3 98.6 87.0 26.8 50.9 100.0 94.3 37.9
Generator 6.9 9.9 12.3 5.8 1.2 1.4 1.6 1.1 0.7 0.2 0.7 0.7 1.7 0.4 0.9 1.9 1.0 0.1 0.6 1.2 1.0 0.8 - 1.1 1.1 0.1 2.0 1.4 0.3 - - 0.4
Battery 23.3 0.7 9.7 27.6 40.7 1.9 15.5 46.6 38.1 0.1 13.3 45.3 39.0 0.2 9.2 46.8 35.7 - 8.1 43.5 35.0 0.1 10.1 42.7 35.7 1.0 8.5 45.2 34.3 - 2.9 43.5
Kerosene lamp 54.6 1.0 33.0 63.2 36.7 1.8 25.9 40.6 35.7 0.5 23.2 41.2 31.5 0.3 12.5 37.1 29.3 0.7 12.4 34.8 23.4 0.7 8.3 28.4 18.7 0.3 4.0 23.8 12.4 - 2.2 15.5
Candle na na na na 0.3 0.2 0.9 0.2 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.2 0.3 - 0.4 0.4 0.1 - 0.3 0.1 0.2 - 0.3 0.2 0.2 - 0.0 0.2 0.3 - 0.5 0.4
None 0.0 0.0 0.1 0.0 - - - - 0.1 - 0.1 0.1 0.1 - - 0.1 - - - - - - - - 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 - - - -
Solar na na na na na na na na na na na na na na na na 0.1 - 0.1 0.2 0.1 - - 0.1 0.8 0.0 0.0 1.0 0.8 - - 1.0
Other 1.0 0.3 1.0 1.1 1.0 - 0.1 1.1 1.1 0.2 0.5 1.3 1.9 0.5 0.2 2.2 1.2 0.1 0.4 1.5 2.8 0.4 0.4 3.4 1.2 0.0 4.0 1.5 1.0 - 0.1 1.3
Total 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100
Number of households 2,570,000 225,000 271,000 2,074,000 2,799,000 255,000 274,000 2,270,000 2,828,000 255,000 277,000 2,296,000 2,939,000 261,000 285,000 2,392,000 2,917,000 276,000 298,000 2,344,000 3,044,000 321,000 303,000 2,419,000 3,082,000 329,000 398,000 2,355,000 3,162,000 363,000 331,000 2,468,000
Note: In CSES 2004, the question on lighting source included six categories namely publicly-provided electricity, privately-provided electricity, battery, kerosene lamp, none and other source ( Candle and Solar covered by Other ), whereas the question in 2007, 2008 and 2009 had seven categories namely publicly-provided electricity/city power, generator, battery, kerosene lamp, candle, none, and other source (Solar covered by Other). Moreover, the question on lighting source in CSES 2004, 2007, 2008 and 2009 whereas the question in 2010, 2011, 2012 and 2013 had eight categories namely publicly-provided electricity/city power, generator, battery, kerosene lamp, candle, none, solar and other source.
14. Main sources of cooking by geographical domain
Percent.
Type of fuel 2004 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013
Cambodia Phnom Penh Other urban Other rural Cambodia Phnom Penh Other urban Other rural Cambodia Phnom Penh Other urban Other rural Cambodia Phnom Penh Other urban Other rural Cambodia Phnom Penh Other urban Other rural Cambodia Phnom Penh Other urban Other rural Cambodia Phnom Penh Other urban Other rural Cambodia Phnom Penh Other urban Other rural
Firewood†† 83.0 7.8 57.9 94.4 82.3 4.8 58.4 93.8 82.7 3.7 58.3 94.4 81.4 8.7 49.9 93.1 79.1 11.2 43.0 91.7 80.1 9.8 46.2 93.6 77.6 16.6 46.2 91.5 75.9 8.5 38.4 90.9
Charcoal 6.3 23.3 20.2 2.6 8.8 26.6 28.7 4.4 7.6 27.6 25.2 3.2 8.2 20.1 27.5 4.6 9.1 11.8 31.3 5.9 7.6 9.7 29.8 4.6 8.4 15.8 23.4 4.8 8.3 16.2 24.2 5.0
Liquefied petroleum gas (LPG) 6.5 54.5 11.2 0.7 8.6 66.8 12.4 1.6 9.0 64.1 16.1 2.0 9.5 69.6 21.0 1.6 11.1 74.7 23.1 2.1 11.9 80.5 22.7 1.4 13.0 67.2 28.0 2.9 14.7 74.9 33.1 3.3
Kerosene 0.1 0.4 - 0.0 0.0 0.2 - - 0.0 0.0 - - 0.0 - - 0.0 - - - - - - - - - - - - 0.0 0.1 - -
Publicly-provided electricity/City power 0.2 1.0 0.5 0.0 0.2 1.6 0.6 0.1 0.4 3.3 - 0.2 0.3 1.5 1.4 0.0 0.4 1.8 2.7 - 0.2 - 1.2 0.1 0.5 0.4 2.4 0.2 0.8 0.3 4.3 0.3
Household generator 0.1 - 0.1 0.0 - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
None/donít cook 0.0 0.0 - 0.0 0.0 0.0 - - 0.0 0.5 0.1 - 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.0 0.0 0.4 - - 0.0 - 0.1 - 0.0 - 0.1 - 0.0 - - 0.0
Other 1.1 0.7 1.6 1.1 0.1 - - 0.1 0.2 0.1 - 0.2 0.5 - - 0.6 0.2 - - 0.3 0.2 - 0.1 0.2 0.4 - - 0.5 0.4 - - 0.5
Total 97 88 92 99 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100
Number of households 2,570,000 225,000 271,000 2,074,000 2,799,000 255,000 274,000 2,270,000 2,828,000 255,000 277,000 2,296,000 2,939,000 261,000 285,000 2,392,000 2,917,000 276,000 298,000 2,344,000 3,044,000 321,000 303,000 2,419,000 3,082,000 329,000 398,000 2,355,000 3,162,000 363,000 331,000 2,468,000
Note: The total of main sources of energy for cooking by geographical domain for year 2004 were not equal to 100 percent because of excluding the combination of Firewoodand Charcoal, Gas and Electricity from the computation owing to the deninition of main sources of energy for cooking for CSES 2004 was different from
CSES 2007, 2008, 2009, 2010 and 2011.
15. Main source of drinking water by season and urbanization degree
Percent.
Water Source 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013
Cambodia Urban Rural Cambodia Urban Rural Cambodia Urban Rural Cambodia Urban Rural Cambodia Urban Rural
Wet Season
Improved 45.2 76.4 38.3 44.7 77.9 36.9 46.4 80.1 38.4 46.8 80.3 37.2 49.7 81.3 41.4
Unimproved 54.8 23.6 61.6 55.3 22.1 63.1 53.6 19.9 61.6 53.1 19.6 62.8 50.3 18.7 58.6
Total percent 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100
Dry Season      
Improved 52.2 80.0 46.1 51.8 80.0 45.2 54.6 82.6 48.0 54.6 82.7 46.5 58.7 84.9 51.8
Unimproved 47.8 20.0 53.9 48.2 20.0 54.8 45.4 17.4 52.0 45.4 17.3 53.5 41.3 15.1 48.2
Total percent 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100
Annually
Improved 48.7 78.2 42.2 48.2 79.0 41.1 50.5 81.3 43.2 50.7 81.5 41.9 54.2 83.1 46.6
Unimproved 51.3 21.8 57.8 51.8 21.0 58.9 49.5 18.7 56.8 49.3 18.5 58.2 45.8 16.9 53.4
Total percent 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100
Note: In CSES 2004, 2007 and 2008 the question on source of drinking water had nine categories namely piped in dwelling or on premises, public tap, tube/piped well or borehole, protected dug well,
unprotected dug well, pond river or stream, rainwater, tanker truck vendor or bought water and other source. The question in 2009, 2010, 2011, 2012 and 2013 had 13 categories with more specific details that
can be used for measuring improved and unimproved water source. So, it is not posible to compare the source of driking water between 2004, 2007, 2008 with 2009, 2010, 2011, 2012 and 2013.
16. Toilet facilities by urbanization degree
Percent.
Type of Facilities 2004 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013
Cambodia Urban Rural Cambodia Urban Rural Cambodia Urban Rural Cambodia Urban Rural Cambodia Urban Rural Cambodia Urban Rural Cambodia Urban Rural Cambodia Urban Rural
Improved toilets 24.7 70.3 14.8 30.5 76.1 20.3 32.8 75.9 22.8 34.0 84.8 22.9 40.0 86.4 29.2 43.6 87.4 33.2 45.2 86.4 33.3 51.7 93.0 40.9
Unimproved toilets 75.2 29.7 85.0 69.3 23.1 79.7 67.2 24.1 77.2 64.1 14.8 74.9 58.1 13.2 68.6 55.2 12.2 65.4 54.8 13.6 66.7 48.3 7.0 59.1
Not stated 0.1 0.0 0.1 0.1 0.8 - - - - 1.9 0.5 2.2 1.9 0.4 2.2 1.2 0.4 1.4 0.0 0.0 0.1 - - -
Total percent 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100
17. Type of fuel for kooking by urbanization degree
Percent.
Types of Fuel 2004 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013
Cambodia Urban Rural Cambodia Urban Rural Cambodia Urban Rural Cambodia Urban Rural Cambodia Urban Rural Cambodia Urban Rural Cambodia Urban Rural Cambodia Urban Rural
Firewood†† 83.0 35.9 93.2 82.2 33.0 93.2 82.7 32.2 94.4 81.4 29.1 92.9 79.1 26.7 91.3 80.1 25.5 93.0 77.6 31.2 91.0 75.9 21.5 90.2
Charcoal 6.3 21.5 3.0 8.8 27.4 4.6 7.6 26.4 3.2 8.2 24.2 4.7 9.1 22.8 5.9 7.6 20.3 4.6 8.4 20.0 5.0 8.3 20.3 5.1
Liquefied petroleum gas LPG 6.5 30.5 1.3 8.6 38.2 1.9 9.0 39.1 2.0 9.5 45.1 1.8 11.1 47.9 2.5 11.9 53.4 2.0 13.0 47.1 3.2 14.7 55.9 3.9
Kerosene 0.1 0.2 0.0 0.0 0.1 - 0.0 0.0 - 0.0 - 0.0 - - - - - - - - - 0.0 0.0 -
Publicly-provided electricity/City power 0.2 0.7 0.0 0.2 1.1 0.1 0.4 1.6 0.2 0.3 1.5 0.0 0.4 2.4 - 0.2 0.6 0.1 0.5 1.6 0.2 0.8 2.3 0.3
Household generator 0.1 0.1 0.0 - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
None/donít cook 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 - 0.0 0.0 0.3 - 0.1 0.1 0.0 0.0 0.2 - 0.0 0.1 - 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 - 0.0
Other 1.1 1.3 1.0 0.1 - 0.1 0.2 0.1 0.2 0.5 - 0.6 0.2 - 0.3 0.2 0.1 0.2 0.4 0.0 0.5 0.4 - 0.4
Total percent 97.2 90.2 98.7 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100
Note: The total of main sources of energy for cooking by geographical domain for year 2004 were not equal to 100 percent because of excluding the combination of Firewoodand Charcoal, Gas and Electricity from the computation owing to the deninition of main sources of energy for cooking for CSES 2004 was different from CSES 2007, 2008, 2009, 2010, 2011, 2012 and 2013.